## Reality of Space and Time.

## Understanding our Place in the Universe

**by Patrick Quanten MD**

E = mc^{2}

E equals m c squared. We all have seen this before. We all pretend to know what it is about. We all believe it is the most important formula of all time. Yet, nobody really explains anything about it; more worryingly, nothing is taught about it in our schools.

For instance, did you know that this is an abbreviated version, and that the formula should actually be written as

E^{2} = m^{2}c^{4}

"E" stands for energy; "m" stands for mass; and "c" is the constant, the speed of light, which is 3 x10^{10} cm/s (centimetres per second). When this is inserted into the equation, it gives us the following for the energy-mass relationship:

E^{2}/m^{2} = 81x 10^{40}cm^{4}/s^{4}

Or in the reverse form:

m^{2}/E^{2} = 0.01234.... x 10^{-40} s^{4}/m^{4}

Why all this fiddling? - Well, for several reasons but mainly because we need to have a good look at "the most important formula". I know, I know, we are no experts, but some conclusions even you and I can come to.

The fact that the equation in its reverse form shows an infinite decimal number, and that the first one has a definite number, tells us that something is either material and countable (definite), or it disappears and dissolves, spreading out into infinity as a wave phenomenon (indefinite). So, something either has a material form, or that same something is a wave, spreading forever into infinity.

Furthermore, in both equations the term cm^{4} appears. From this perspective, space acquires a four-dimensional structure. A space of this sort can not be created by adding a forth axis to the standard xyz of a three dimensional space; the four dimensional space is of a x^{2}y^{2} structure, which represents two vertically intersecting surfaces which would divide space into four infinite segments with no external limit.

We also have the expression s^{4}. It is, however, difficult to conceptualise four dimensions of time. The term "space-time" is more familiar to everyone. A finite space is three-dimensional (to the power of 3) and an infinite space four-dimensional (to the power of 4). With regard to the time in which an electromagnetic wave expands through space, there is a four-dimensional factor which can be expressed as time squared to the power of 2. The relationship that emerges involves a connection showing energy and reciprocal time (the inverse of time) as a pure four-dimensional inversion. (~ = proportional)

E^{2} ~ 1/time squared^{2}

Equally, matter and reciprocal space can be presented as a four-dimensional phenomenon (m^{2} = mass squared and cm^{4} = area squared).

m^{2} ~ 1/area^{2}

The reversal of an infinite four-dimensional space produces an expression for matter, which is physically linked to mass. This means that electrons and protons (matter) have to exist because four-dimensional space requires, by its very nature, central points of limited size. At the centre of an infinite four-dimensional space lies a finite number of three-dimensional points.

### Let's rap this up before we all lose it.

Einstein's formula links the physical dimensions of matter and energy with the reverse dimensions of space and time. "If matter did not exist, not one single atom, there would be no space. And where there is no movement (energy), there is also no time."

Space and time, as matter and energy, have always existed and will always exist. Space is of the nature of an area squared to the power of 2; and the expansion time of a wave through space is an expression of time squared to the power of 2.

Each bit of matter, each atom as well as each solar system, is the centre of a four-dimensional space. And how similar they are in their structure!

An atom has a nucleus with a number of electrons flying around it, all neatly in various orbits. In each orbit - level - some electrons are single, some paired, some are multiple (according to a mathematical law). A star, such as the sun, is the nucleus of a solar system, with a number of planets flying around it, all in neatly organised orbits. Some appear single, others dual - such as the earth and the moon - and other planets are multiples (consider their "moons" as equal planets).

Two or more atoms combine to form molecules, simple ones such as oxygen (O_{2}) or water (H_{2}O), or more complex ones like sugars, starches and proteins. Solar systems form part of galaxies like the Milky Way, made up from a smaller or larger number of stars, with their planets.

These molecules can string themselves together to create long chains, such as fats (chains of sugars) or DNA-genes (chains of proteins). As far as the structure of space is concerned, this is were we have to stop because we can not physically see how galaxies fit together. The scale is too large for us to be able to visualise, but we must assume that the similarities continue, first of all because it is unimaginable that Nature would be run on more than one system; and secondly, because if we stick with the structure we will come out the other end, again being able to see another bit of the Universe in a sensible way.

These "grander" bits all form parts and components of the cell-structure of every living organism. A collection of cells form an organ. Different organs form an organism, such as a plant, an animal or a human.

We started off by saying that the nucleus of the atom was the centre of an infinite space, and we also say that each human being is unique and stands at the centre of his/her universe. Why? Well, because each human being belongs to a family, a small group of people with their own specific habits, beliefs and interactive mechanisms. Each family belongs to a community, a group of people more or less "in the same boat" because they live under the same circumstances, know the same pleasures and hardships. Each group is part of a regional community with common historical background, roots that bind them together, especially when outside forces are larger than the smaller individual communities can cope with. These regions are all part of the same culture; large communities spread out over vast areas, but which have a common origin - the latin, germanic, or arabic cultures. These cultures all originated from three basic races: negroid, mongoloid, and caucasian. These three races have populated the whole earth. And earth, of course, is nothing more than the equivalent of an electron in terms of the Universe!

If each piece of matter is the centre of a four-dimensional universe, how many universes are there then? The simple answer is an infinite number.

Is there life anywhere else in the Universe? The whole Universe is life. Every bit of matter is also in constant motion creating time, and matter is fitted with a potentially "infinite" magic, called "Life". Every bit is alive; it vibrates with life's energy, whether it is a tiny electron or the planet earth; whether it is the sun at the centre of its universe, a human being or an animal at the centre of his.

As space and time are much more complex then our three-dimensional space-experience and linear time-experience, it may be time to sit back in awe and listen to the tune of the Universe vibrating. The limitation of our observation powers and logic puts the Universe far beyond our comprehension. We, the human race, will have to develop an awful lot further before we can even get close to understanding at least the physical world, while some parts of Creation will always remain beyond our comprehension.

So in the mean time, I suggest we just allow Life to evolve; we learn to trust our instincts, which are connected at a much deeper level to "reality"; and let the Universe tell us its secrets, rather than us telling us what it looks like, how it all started, and how it all is going to change. It has taken us many thousands of years to figure out that space and matter are directly linked, as time and energy are. It has taken us the same length of time to realise that our planet is nothing more than a small, insignificant electron - in Universe terms we haven't even discovered the molecule we belong to, let alone the organ or the type of body, and from there on it again opens a whole new Universe, part of the same old one.

Why do I get the sense of living in a hologram?

February 2002.